On june 25 1950 the korean war began when some 75000 soldiers from the north korean peoples army poured across the 38th parallel the boundary between the soviet backed democratic peoples republic of korea to the north and the pro western republic of korea to the south this invasion was . A chronology of key events in the history of south korea 1950s south sustained by crucial us military economic and political support 1960 president syngman ree steps down after student protests against electoral fraud new constitution forms second republic but political freedom remains limited. In his polemical new reading of history doksa sillon which was published in 1908 three years after korea became a japanese protectorate shin proclaimed that korean history was the history of the korean minjok a distinct race descended from the god dangun that had once controlled not only the korean peninsula but also large parts of manchuria. The three kingdoms of korea fought for supremacy china tried to defeat the northern kingdom of goguryeo twice both times they were defeated by general eulji mundeok however the chinese then made an alliance with the silla kingdom against the other two the baekje kingdom was defeated by 660 ad . Settled literate societies on the korean peninsula appear in chinese records as early as the fourth century bce gradually competing groups and kingdoms on the peninsula merged into a common national identity after a period of conflict among the three kingdoms koguryo in the north
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